Healthy kidneys clean your blood by removing excess fluid, minerals, and wastes. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, harmful wastes build up in your body, your blood pressure may rise, and your body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells.
When your kidneys fail, you need a treatment to replace the work of your failed kidneys.
This treatment is called: dialysis.
Haemodialysis usually involves using the dialysis machine three times a week, with each dialysis session lasting for about 4 hours.
If you choose to have haemodialysis, you then will have to decide whether you want to receive treatment at home or visit a dialysis center for treatment.
Haemodialysis is usually recommended for people, such as those who:
Peritoneal dialysis is usually recommended as the first form of treatment for:
CAPD (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis) doesn’t require a machine. As the word ambulatory suggests, you can walk around with the dialysis solution in your abdomen. You may need about 4 exchanges a day. Each exchange lasts about 30-40 minutes.
APD (automated peritoneal dialysis) requires a machine called a cycler to fill and drain your abdomen, usually while you sleep.
Increased risk of developing peritonitis (infection in the peritoneum).
Peritonitis causes symptoms that include:
Repeated episodes of peritonitis can damage the peritoneum and may require a surgery. Another drawback is lack of energy and in some cases malnutrition.
Compiled by: www.kidneyplus.com